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Report einer amerikanischen Lagerinspektion, Februar 1919

Report einer ersten Bestandsaufnahme der Interallied Commission for Repatriation of Russian Prisoners of War und des American Red Cross vom 25. Februar 1919. Vermutlich handelt es sich beim ersten Abschnitt des dreiteiligen Reports um die Abschrift einer Art offiziellem Formular, das auch in ähnlicher Weise für andere Lager vorliegt.


1. Name of Commanding Officer: Capt. Von Kachlowein (?)
Name of Allied Representative at Camp (wheter American, English, French, Italian, Russian or Dansish) Lt. Col. John J. Bullington, U.S.A.
2. How many men in camp: 320
How many men in Commando: 9247
Are there any units of 500 or more of this commando in mine, mill or factory: NONE - All on farms
(a) General Appearance: Excellent plant in bad condition but improving very rapidly
How many men in Hospital: 119
(a) Hospital Facilities: Fair
(b) Medical Cases: 118
(c) Surgical Cases: 1
3. Senior Medical Officer: 1st Lt. Schultze, German
(a) Nationality: German
Other Medical Officer: 1st Lt. Peerck, German.
Prevailing Diseases: Influenza, pilmonary and stomach
4. Tuberculosis Cases:
Acute: 3
Chronic: ?
Segregated: yes
5. Infectuous Diseases:
Typhus: 0
Typhoid: 0
Cholera: 0
Plague: 0
Dysentery: 0
Influenza: yes
6. Communicable Diseases:
Skin Diseases, etc. : Sporadic and only occasional
7. Venereal Diseases:
Gonorrhoea 21
Lues 4
8. General Condition of Camp: Excellent plant in bad sanitary condition but being rapidly restored by U.S.A. detachment.
General Condition of Hospitals: Reasonable
(a) ward: 10
(b) Beds: 150
(c) Bedding: Fair
(d) Feeding Arrangements: Fair
9. General Sanitary arrangements: Fair and improving
(a) Water system: Excellent
(b) Drainage: Good
(c) Toilets: Poor
(d) Cock House: Good
(e) Food Store House: Excellent
(f) Bathing Facilities: Excellent
(g) Sterelizing Facilities for Clothing, etc.: Good
10. Condition of Clothing, etc.: Reasonable but needs assistence
Condition of Shoes: Fair - many wooden

REMARKS: (These to cover food (campand how long will it last) clothing, shoes, soap, sleeping quarters, exercise, etc.)

300 outfits of clothing on hand ans unknown supply of wooden shoes.

Large german food supply and nine carloads arrived this week from Commission. There has been no soap, sugar or fats but these expected soon from Commission. Sleeping quarters very satisfactory. No organized system of exercise or recreation.

(signed) W.H.Lewis / Frank W. Pratt


General Report mady by Cpt. Frank W. Pratt

Visit made Frebruary 25th., 1919

PHYSICAL CONDITION: The general physical condition of the prisoners is good.
FOOD: The men are getting sufficient food. The German ration is supplemented by that given by the U.S. Army officer.
CLOTHING: Outside clothes in fair condition. Many in need of underclothes.
SHOES: Shoes are needed.
SOAP: Soap is very badly needed.
SUMMARY OF NEEDS: Clothing, shoes, soap.
BATHING: Excellent facilities. About 200 men bath daily.
U.S.Army Lt.Col. Bullington and his detachment of 27 men arrived at this camp about a week ago. Conditions have improved very much since this arrival. The prisoners are Working diligently at cleaning up their barracks and getting the camp grounds in order. Evidently a new sprit prevails.
CONCLUSION: the spirit of co-operation among the prisoners is, up to date highly
WORK OF RED CROSS AMONG U.S.ARMY IN GERMANY: There are at present, I understand, te detachments of U.S.Army men, of about 25 each, dstrubuted at the various camps. These men are in a peciulary isolated condition. They are practically shut off from the rest of the world. It seems to be important that the Red Cross should not forget them but should send them weekly supplies of reading matter, cigarettes, and other articles, to show that the Red Cross does not forget.

Respectfully submitted


American Red Cross


Berlin, Germany, 27 Feb., 1919

To Lt.Col.Ryan, A.R.C. Deputy Commissioner

From: Dr. W.H.Lewis

Subjekt: Investigation of Russian Prison Camp at Gustrow.

1. Ten day ago the American detachment took over the control of this camp for the Interallied Commission. It consisted of twenty-four enlisted men with Lt.H.C. Markinson as Adjudant, Lt.A.W. Hubbard as Medical Officer, and Lt.Col.John J. Bullington in command.

2. The general situation in regard to this camp ans its previous condition is practically an exact duplicate as that described in the report for the prison camp for Parchim. The restoration, however, has not progressed as far as at Parchim due to the fact that the Interallied representative has been there only ten days. They have, however, succeeded in obtaining an almost enthusiastic co-operation from the prisoners, if such a term may be used, so that the grounds are very fairly clean, the barracks are rapidly assuming a satisfactory condition, the latrines are wellin hand and the bathing and sterilizing facilities are in full operation. I would surmise that at the present rate of progress this camp would be in excellent condition within two or three weeks.

3. The structure and arrangements of this camp is apparently an exact duplicate of the one at Parchim down to even small details and the sanitary problems and prospects are similar.


4. There is only one hospital plant in connection with the camp which is now fairly well organized and clean. They have separate bathing and sterelizing equipment.


5. The Germans have a large warehouse very well stocked with food which appears ample to last for a number of weeks, although we were unable to find out the exact lenght of time. There had arrived within the week seven carloads of food supplies from the Commission which had not yet been inventoried as to quantity but were quite varied. The largest amount consisted of biscuits. Other items were pork and beans, canned beef, condensed milk, macaroni, bouillon, rice, lentils, dried potatoes, and very small amounts od soap, butter, sugar, and chocolate. The German supply had on ahand about 300 outfits of clothing and a small supply of wooden shoes.

(s) W.H. Lewis

Quelle: Inter Allied Commission for the Repatriation of Russian Prisoners of War, Official Papers, 1919